What is Hypnosis?
Do you think that hypnosis was all about a slightly sinister individual swinging a pendulum in front of you while intoning "…look into my eyes…you are feeling very sleepy…you will now do only my will..."? Or does the word conjure up the image of sensible adults persuaded to strut and cluck like chickens on a stage while their friends enjoy the hypnosis show? If so, then think again.
Hypnosis in HistoryFor thousands of years, people from cultures around the world have used various means to induce trance states, for example in meditation which is central to many religions. Hypnosis was originally called mesmerism, after Austrian doctor Franz Mesmer, who believed in a mystical force that the hypnotist infused into his subject, that he called "animal magnetism". The word hypnosis originally comes from "hupnos", the Greek word for sleep.
What is Hypnosis?According to the Oxford English Dictionary, it’s "the induction of a state of consciousness in which a person loses the power of voluntary action and is highly responsive to suggestion or direction". It is closer to daydreaming than sleep, because the subject remains alert all the time and it can be compared to the feeling of immersion in an absorbing book or film, when you're pretty oblivious to the world around.
It's a type of trance state where the subject is very open to whatever the hypnotist suggests –if he tells you that you're eating strawberry ice cream, you'll "taste" it and "feel" a cool sensation in your throat as you swallow. You may lose inhibitions and do suggested things you would otherwise find mortifying, like a public rendition of the birdie song. But your sense of morality and safety are entrenched deep in your subconscious so you won't do something dangerous like trying to fly out of the tenth floor window, convinced that you're a bird. You also won't do something that you really don't want to.
How Does the Hypnotist Induce a Trance?In order to be hypnotised, you must:
- Be willing
- Believe that it can happen
- Be able to relax
The method most publicised by Hollywood is eye fixation, where the subject focuses intently on a swinging object, usually a watch. Eventually, he tunes out other stimuli. In actual fact, this method doesn’t work too well in a lot of people.Stage hypnotists typically overload the mind with rapid, sudden firm commands. The novel feeling of being in front of an audience can help to put subjects on edge and more susceptible to the commands.
Some say that a mother rocking her baby to sleep is effectively hypnotising it with the loss of balance created by slow, rhythmic rocking...